A septic tank can be an effective way to remove waste from your home. However, septic tanks can get clogged, and if a clog happens, it could create a challenging situation. The smell of the clogged waste could come back up through your drains, or you could even see backflow coming up your sinks, toilets, and showers. The good news is that you can take steps to unclog a septic tank.
Drop bacteria into the tank. One of the easiest and most effective ways to unclog a septic system is to put bacteria into the tank. There are a number of companies that sell bacteria tablets that you can flush down the toilet. The tablet then follows drainage pipes into the septic system.
Bacteria tablets are effective at breaking up clogs because they accelerate the breakdown of solid waste and thick liquid. Once the waste is broken down, it can then drain into the nearby leach field. If your tank is clogged, it could be that there's more solid in the tank than the natural level of bacteria can handle. Bacteria tablets can expedite the breakdown process.
Snake the drain. Does water seem to be backflowing in one specific drain or toilet? If so, that may mean that the clog isn't necessarily in the main pipe, but is rather in the pipe connecting that drain to the main line. If that's the case, you may be able to use a snake to unclog the pipe yourself. Simply buy a drain snake from your local hardware store and then follow the device's instructions to insert it down the drain. If there is a blockage, you should feel it with the snake.
Work the snake through and around the blockage to break it up. You'll know when it's clear because the backflow will escape down the drain.
Hire a septic diver. If bacteria and snaking don't work, then you may have a problem in the tank itself. It's possible that paper or some other major solid went down a drain. Or you may have some other external debris clogging the pipes. One of the most effective ways to clear the clog is to hire a septic diving contractor to come out and do the job.
Diving contractors wear special hazardous material suits along with diving equipment. They get in your septic tank and manually clear any blockage. The advantage of doing this is that you know with certainty that the job is complete. Many contractors use cameras so they can show you the clog and how they cleared it.
For more information, contact a septic service that offers diving.