When you plan to install a septic system on your property for your home residence, you have the ability to plan and place the system to best fit your property and your needs. The placement and size of your system can be based on your household size and your potential waste production. Here are some tips to help you as you plan for your home septic tank installation system.
Consider the Land Slope
As you first survey your yard where you want to place your septic tank and drain field, you will need to look at the slope and grading of the property. You don't want to install the system on a steep slope, as this can cause problems for the system's drainability and also place the tank in soil that is too deep to cause problems with the weight of the soil above it. And if the slope is too steep you will need to excavate a larger amount of soil to place the tank, which can increase your installation costs.
Test the Soil For Drainage
Before you can begin excavating for the tank, you will need to hire a percolation test to the soil. This test will find out the permeability of the surrounding soil in your yard and evaluate it for its drainage qualities. An effective septic system needs to have soil that allows for good drainage so the waste water from the drain field can seep into the surrounding soil instead of pool where it leaches from.
You should hire a professional percolation soil test to make sure the soil contains enough drainage materials, such as gravel and sand within the soil. If there is too much clay or loamy conditions, you will need to place the septic tank and system in another area that can pass the percolation test.
Select the Right Spot
In addition to checking the soil for the right condition you will also need to select the proper location within your yard. You want to place the tank and its access hatch close to a driveway or other access way to make it accessible for servicing. Your septic professional will need to be able to drive their pump truck and reach your tank access hatch with the service hose. If the distance is too far they will need to use a longer hose for pumping the tank, which can cost you a bit more on the service cost.
Also make sure the placement of the tank and the drain field are in a spot that won't be driven upon with your personal vehicles or any excavation equipment. The weight of vehicles on the soil over your system can put too much pressure onto the system and damage the tank and drain field lines.